Download An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines by Seyyed Hossein Nasr PDF

By Seyyed Hossein Nasr

This can be the one booklet to accommodate classical Islamic cosmology because it was once formulated through the Ikhwan al-S'afa al Biruni and Ibn Sina throughout the 10th and 11th centuries. those figures prompted all of the later centuries of Islamic heritage and in reality created the cosmological framework in which all later clinical job within the Islamic international used to be carried out--the enduring photograph of the cosmos in which Muslims have lived in the past millennium.

Nasr writes from in the Islamic culture and demonstrates how, in line with the lessons of the Quran and the Prophet, the figures handled during this paintings built-in components drawn from quite a few historic colleges of philosophy and the sciences. This ebook is exclusive in its therapy of classical Islamic cosmology as noticeable from in the Islamic world-view and offers a key for knowing of conventional Islamic thought.

“…the quantity of educational literature dedicated to the best way in which Muslims in classical and medieval Islam predicted the cosmos is negligible. There are, although, a few noteworthy exceptions. An creation to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines is one in all them.” — Parabola

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The modern discussions find their echo among the medieval Muslim authors themselves. Ibn al-Qifti, giving his own view, considers the Ikhwan as followers of the school of the Mu'tazilah, which was rationalistic in its approach. 6 Ibn Taimiyah, the J:lanbali jurist, on the other hand, tends toward the other extreme in relating the Ikhwan to the Nu~airis, who are as far removed from the rationalists as almost any group to be found in Islam. " 8 Considering the great respect paid to the Rasa' il by the Isma'ilis, 9 the extensive use of them, particularly in the Yemen, and the fact that 4 AI-Tawbidi, Risiilah fi' l-$idiiqah wa' l-$adiq (Constantinople, 1301 [1883], pp.

40 As a result of this brief survey of the history of the Muslim lands during the 4th/10th and 5th/11th centuries we have discovered that 39 The name of this family in Persian is Biiyih, "oe" being a middle Persian sound which appears in many Persian names such as Babiiyih, Muskfiyih, and so on. Since this sound does not exist in Arabic, it has been transformed into "awaih" or "uwaih" by Arabic writers, hence Ibn Miskawaih, Buwaihids, and so on. Since the Arabic form of these words is more familiar to Western readers, we have transliterated the well-known ones in this form rather than in the original Persian.

Sitz-Ber. Berlin Akad. (Berlin, 1930); and F. Rosenthal, The Classical Heritage in Islam, trans. E. and J. Marmorstein (London, 1975). 12 PROLOGUE did not bear fruit and did not manifest itself externally as far as the arts and sciences were concerned until the fourth and fifth Islamic centuries when the intensity of the religious fervor and the political power of the central government had already passed their culmination. 25 With the establishment of the Abbasid caliphate, translations of Greek, Syriac, Pahlavi, and Sanskrit sources on the various sciences became available in Arabic, with the result that in addition to the earlier schools of grammarians and poets, traditionalists, commentators, historians, and Sufi ascetics, all of whom relied almost entirely upon the Islamic revelation for their knowledge, there now began to appear new schools which also drew from non-Islamic sources.

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