By Charlene Rivera
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Extra resources for An Ethnographic/sociolinguistic approach to language proficiency assessment
Samples showing contexts during which rich samples of student conversational discourse were elicited, were compared with samples exemplifying contexts where mutually arrived at topics of conversation were not developed and during which there was little or no student elaboration on topics. five to seven years old. Grades 2 to 5, and the most proficient younger students could "talk to topics" using elaborated discourse when this was elicited by the examiner. show or movie. Because of this, the researchers recommend that examiners use questions and other utterances such as comments on the topic, that are situated in the ongoing conversational discourse (CookGumperz, 1977), rather than follow a standard pattern of questions in eliciting language from linguistic minority students for assessment purposes.
Rather, it varies culturally and situationally within a given culture. 93) Although the two topics of examining children's discourse skills and questions of political power may seem to be unrelated, it can be suggested here that, in fact, the question of what proficiencies are parcelled out to what social groups in our society, and to what ends, is the essential question of language proficiency. At the same time, it is clear that a child who produces little language in the elicitation should be observed and interacted with in a variety of other settings in order to provide a more reliable basis for evaluation.
And then he jumped right out of it. And then the man was looking inside the horn, he didn't know what it was, and they all got angry, and then the frog jumped on the man's head. In general, for the older children, the clearer was the distinction between orientation and action clauses and the easier it became to apply syntactic criteria to the classification of clauses. The frog fell on the man's face, and he falls and breaks the drum, and they're laughing, and he's angry, and he's angry, and they're laughing.