Download Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer by I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.) PDF

By I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

Agricultural examine used to be most likely the 1st and is the main common type of organised learn on the earth, and one within which either the main built and underdeveloped international locations are engaged. while such a lot kinds of study job, akin to within the box of medication, have international­ broad software, agricultural examine, through its very nature, needs to be neighborhood; essentially no examine discovering will be followed with no learning the result of its software lower than the countless variety of ecological events with which the farmers of the area are confronted. the advance of agricultural construction is the basic first step wherein constructing nations can desire to elevate their lifestyle. study is for that reason an task during which no underdeveloped nation can have the funds for to not interact; nor can nations during which agriculture has reached a excessive point of improvement and class manage to pay for to forget agricultural examine. it isn't as a result of inertia or vested pursuits that hugely industrialised international locations keep, normally at public cost, a expensive and intricate infrastructure for agricultural examine. even if difficulties of overproduction weigh seriously at the financial system, agricultural study is taken into account the fundamental key to additional development: the goals and pursuits are easily replaced and tailored to the desires of the economy.

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This policy was translated into the research objectives of breeding high-yielding varieties, achieving effective control of pests and diseases and the development of efficient management practices. Agriculture became fully mechanised, and farm management highly efficient. The increased production resulting from these developments was at first easily absorbed by a rapidly increasing population, with considerable purchasing power. However, problems of excess production eventually appeared, and became progressively more acute in the 1970s.

A heated debate followed the publication of what one eminent research worker called the 'infamous report'. In this debate three things were confused, according to Ulbricht (1977): (a) whether scientists financed by government should be accountable for what they do and have a responsibility to meet the needs of the country; (b) the application of the customer-contractor principle as a particular means of achieving the accountability; (c) the wider issue of science policy: how can scientists through their research help to meet their country's needs when the government has no clearly defined long-term policy.

D) 'Contact' Committees and Working Groups initiate meetings between research workers for the exchange of information and evaluation of research results. (e) Study Committees undertake in-depth studies of specific aspects of agricultural research. Every five years, the Council advises the MAF on the reprogramming of agricultural research in general. The Regional Research Centres also have a procedure for research policy and programming. Annually, the researchers at the centres review the demands for research made by the staffs of the various experiment stations, the farmers of their respective regions, and the Board members of the Centre.

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