By J.D. Holloway
I spent 4 months in New Caledonia in 1971 with the thing of constructing a quantitative survey of the night-flying macrolepidoptera with light-traps and an evaluate of the Rhopalocera and microlepidoptera. This fieldwork was once financed via a central authority Grant-in-Aid for clinical Investigations adminis tered through the Royal Society, and by way of a provide from the Godman Fund. I committed one other 3 weeks to sampling on Norfolk I. , and, with assistance from neighborhood naturalists, Mr. and Mrs. F. JOWETT, used to be in a position to produce a close account of the biogeography and ecology of the moth fauna (HOLLOWAY, 1977). This ebook is an account of the result of the recent Caledonian paintings, including studies of the geology, phytogeography and common zoogeography pre sented as history for the Lepidoptera fauna and its geography. past paintings at the macroheterocera, essentially papers through VIETTE (1948- 1971), had recorded no longer many greater than 100 species, a truly low overall contemplating the world of the island relative to that of the Fiji crew the place the moths have been being studied by means of Dr. G. S. ROBINSON whilst the recent Caledonian excursion was once on the strategy planning stage. The Fijian fauna then promised examine ably to exceed 300 species. obviously many extra species awaited discovery in New Caledonia.
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Extra resources for A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New Caledonia
The Middle Miocene reconstruction of Figure 3 is consistent with the biogeographic patterns though it obviously requires geological confirmation, probably from study of the ocean floor of the Sulawesi and Banda Seas as suggested by CARTER et al. The northern arm of Sulawesi shows obvious structural association with Mindanao via the Sangihe Is. but the role of the easterly part in the biogeography of the area is obscure, especially if it is related geologically to Ceram and Buru. The biogeography of Sulawesi requires much more detailed investigation through new fieldwork; palynological studies particularly may help to unravel its biological history.
5. Geological map and section of New Caledonia after LILLIE & BROTHERS (1970) and GUILLON (1974). 25 The geological structure of New Caledonia The patterns of sedimentation, orogenesis and igneous activIty in New Caledonia have been described by LILLIE & BROTHERS (1970), AVIAS (1973), BROTHERS (1973) and GUILLON (1974). The geological map and generalised section in Figure 5 are based on those by LILLIE & BROTHERS and GUILLON. Sedimentation started in the Permian and was continuous from the Triassic to the Oxfordian (early Upper Jurassic) in a trough bordering a stable sialic block to the west, resulting in a thick series of greywackes.
Samoa, the Kermadecs, Chathams and New Zealand. This is primarily an Outer Melanesian Arc distribution. It is montane in the tropics. Another Miocene arrival was Macropiper (Piperaceae), recently revised by SMITH (1975). It is related to the widespread genus Piper. There are six species on Fiji of which three are endemic, and others in Micronesia and Polynesia. , Lord Howe I. and the Kermadecs. There are no species in New Caledonia. Like Astelia it may be more restricted today through competition from more vigorous Malesian elements, possibly Piper itself.