Download A mental healthcare model for mass trauma survivors : by Metin Basoglu PDF

By Metin Basoglu

''Mass trauma occasions, resembling average mess ups, conflict and torture, have an effect on hundreds of thousands of individuals each year. at present, there's no psychological healthiness care version with the aptitude to handle the mental wishes of survivors in a cheap method. This booklet provides the sort of version, besides suggestions on its implementation, making it precious for either policy-makers and psychological wellbeing and fitness execs. development on extra than Read more...

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Extra info for A mental healthcare model for mass trauma survivors : control-focused behavioral treatment of earthquake, war, and torture trauma

Example text

For example, we have seen a woman who told us that, after having successfully utilized exposure to overcome her fear of earthquakes, she went on to treat her snake phobia by searching for snakes in the region. She eventually found some and came back home free of her phobia. Another factor in natural recovery from fear that deserves attention is possible immunization against traumatic stress through repeated exposures to earthquakes. In the Şalcıoğlu (2004) study, when the participants were asked (mean 21 months after the earthquake) if they experienced any change in their fear of earthquakes, 60% reported some decrease (slight to very much), 25% no change, and 15% slight to very much increase.

G. naked) in an earthquake, a common problem in earthquake survivors, is a case in point. g. ) also render total avoidance difficult. Such occasions provide opportunities for testing risk-taking behaviors, which may then lead to the discovery of exposure as an effective method of overcoming fear. In some cases this strategy, once discovered, might even be used to overcome earthquake-unrelated fears. For example, we have seen a woman who told us that, after having successfully utilized exposure to overcome her fear of earthquakes, she went on to treat her snake phobia by searching for snakes in the region.

People are much more likely to have phobias of snakes, water, heights, and enclosed spaces than of bicycles, guns, or cars, even though the latter objects (not present in our early evolutionary history) may be as likely to be associated with trauma . . this is because there may have been a selective advantage in the course of evolution for primates who rapidly acquired fear of certain objects or situations that posed threats to humans’ early ancestors . . Thus, prepared fears are not seen as inborn or innate but rather as very easily acquired and / or especially resistant to extinction.

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